본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

국가수리과학연구소

검색 ENGLISH 메뉴 전체보기

학술행사

구글로 퍼가기, 새창으로 열림 프린트하기, 인쇄상자 열린 후 현재페이지 인쇄하기
콜로퀴움

The interface between gravitational wave detection and earthquake science

  • 발표자  Jean-Paul Ampuero
  • 기간  2018-11-21 ~ 2018-11-21
  • 장소  수학원리응용센터 대형강연장

○ 성명: Jean-Paul Ampuero


○ 소속 및 직위: 

   - Professor, California Institute of Technology 

   - Senior Researcher (DR2), Institute de Recherche pour le Developpement, Excellence Chair at Universite Cote d’Azur, Geoazur Laboratory


○ 연구 분야: Seismology, Earth Science


○ 초청연사 소개: 지구물리와 지진학 분야의 세계적 명성을 가진 전문가로서 현재 지진의 조기 경보와 함께 중력측정을 이용한 중력파 검출기, 지진파 감지 등의 연구를 주도하고 있는 연구자 (h-index: 34(Google scholar), 29(Web of Science))


○ Title: The interface between gravitational wave detection and earthquake science


○ Abstract: 

  Recent studies reported the observation of prompt elastogravity signals during the 2011 M9.1 Tohoku earthquake, recorded with broadband seismometers and gravimeter between the rupture onset and the arrival of the seismic waves. Here we show that to extend the range of magnitudes over which the gravity perturbations can be observed and reduce the time needed for their detection, high-precision gravity strainmeters under development could be used, such as torsion bars, superconducting gradiometers or strainmeters based on atom interferometers. These instruments measure the differential gravitational acceleration between two seismically isolated test masses, and are designed to observe signals around 0.1 Hz. We show that these instruments should be able to detect prompt gravity perturbations induced by earthquakes larger than M7, up to 1000 km from the earthquake centroid within P-waves travel time and up to 120 km within the first 10 seconds of rupture onset, provided a sensitivity in gravity strain of 10-15 Hz-1/2 at 0.1 Hz can be achieved. The analysis involves simulations of the expected gravity strain signals based on an analytical model of gravity perturbations generated by fault rupture in a homogeneous half-space. As an immediate application, we discuss the possibility to improve current earthquake-early warning systems (EEWS). Our results suggest that, in comparison to conventional P-wave-based EEWS, a gravity-based warning system could perform faster detections of large off-shore subduction earthquakes (at least larger than M7.4). Gravity strainmeters could also perform earlier magnitude estimates, within the duration of the fault rupture, and therefore complement current tsunami warning systems.

이 페이지에서 제공하는 정보에 대해 만족하십니까?

icim 산업수학혁신센터, 새창으로 열림

Ranking TOP5
코로나19 확산 예측 레포트
코로나19 확산 예측
산업수학연구본부
조직도
논문

nims insight

TOP